Maine Community Health Options v. United States

 
DOCKET NO.
OP. BELOW
SUBJECT
Tucker Act
AUTHOR
Sotomayor

Question(s) Presented

1. “Given the ‘cardinal rule’ disfavoring implied repeals—which applies with ‘especial force’ to appropriations acts and requires that repeal not be found unless the later enactment is ‘irreconcilable’ with the former—can an appropriations rider whose text bars the agency’s use of certain funds to pay a statutory obligation, but does not repeal or amend the statutory obligation, and is thus not inconsistent with it, nonetheless be held to impliedly repeal the obligation by elevating the perceived ‘intent’ of the rider (drawn from unilluminating legislative history) above its text, and the text of the underlying statute?” 2. “Where the federal government has an unambiguous statutory payment obligation, under a program involving reciprocal commitments by the government and a private company participating in the program, does the presumption against retroactivity apply to the interpretation of an appropriations rider that is claimed to have impliedly repealed the government’s obligation?”

Holding

“These cases present three questions: First, did §1342 of the Affordable Care Act obligate the Government to pay participating insurers the full amount calculated by that statute? Second, did the obligation survive Congress’ appropriations riders? And third, may petitioners sue the Government under the Tucker Act to recover on that obligation? Because our answer to each is yes, we reverse.”

Date
Proceedings and Orders
February 22, 2019
Blanket Consent filed by Petitioner, Maine Community Health Options
February 27, 2019
Motion to extend the time to file a response is granted and the time is extended to and including April 8, 2019.
April 1, 2019
Motion to extend the time to file a response is granted and the time is further extended to and including May 8, 2019.
May 28, 2019
DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 6/13/2019.
June 17, 2019
DISTRIBUTED for Conference of 6/20/2019.
June 24, 2019
Petition GRANTED. The petitions for writs of certiorari in No. 18-1028 and No. 18-1038 are granted. The cases are consolidated, and a total of one hour is allotted for oral argument. VIDED.
June 28, 2019
Consent to the filing of amicus briefs received from counsel for Maine Community Health Options submitted.
June 28, 2019
Blanket Consent filed by Petitioner, Maine Community Health Options
July 12, 2019
Blanket Consent filed by Petitioner, Moda Health Plan, Inc.
July 17, 2019
Joint motion of the parties to extend the time to file the briefs on the merits granted. The time to file the joint appendix and petitioners' briefs on the merits is extended to and including August 30, 2019. The time to file respondent's brief on the merits is extended to and including October 21, 2019. VIDED.
August 16, 2019
Consent to the filing of amicus briefs received from counsel for Land of Lincoln Mutual Health Insurance Compan, and Illinois Nonprofit Insurance Corporation submitted.
September 13, 2019
SET FOR ARGUMENT on Tuesday, December 10, 2019. VIDED.
October 7, 2019
Motion to dispense with printing the joint appendix filed by petitioners GRANTED. VIDED.
October 23, 2019
Record requested from the U.S.C.A. Federal Circuit.
October 25, 2019
CIRCULATED
November 12, 2019
Motion for enlargement of time for oral argument and for divided argument DENIED. VIDED.
December 10, 2019
Argued. For petitioners: Paul D. Clement, Washington, D. C. For respondent: Edwin S. Kneedler, Deputy Solicitor General, Department of Justice, Washington, D. C. VIDED.
April 27, 2020
Judgment REVERSED and case REMANDED. Sotomayor, J., delivered the opinion of the Court, in which Roberts, C. J., and Ginsburg, Breyer, Kagan, and Kavanaugh, JJ., joined, and in which Thomas and Gorsuch, JJ., joined as to all but Part III–C. Alito, J., filed a dissenting opinion. VIDED.
May 29, 2020
JUDGMENT ISSUED.